Brain haemorrhage

A brain haemorrhage is bleeding in or around the brain either as a result of ruptured aneurysm, known as a haemorrhagic stroke, or following a significant blow to the head. This section explains the different types of brain haemorrhage while explaining the long-term effects it can cause.

Types and causes of brain haemorrhage

There are four types of haemorrhage, named according to where the bleeding occurs. These are: subdural haemorrhage, extradural haemorrhage, subarachnoid haemorrhage and intracerebral haemorrhage. Subdural and extradural haemorrhages are the most common type after TBI, and they are a cause of further brain damage that can lead to more long-term effects.

Subarachnoid and intracerebral haemorrhages are more likely to happen spontaneously. Small blood vessels rupture, often causing loss of consciousness.

Sometimes a brain haemorrhage can occur after a seemingly minor head injury. Symptoms can develop rapidly or can take a number of weeks to develop, and urgent investigation and treatment is required.

Effects of brain haemorrhage

The long-term effects of a brain haemorrhage depend on the type and location, but as with all brain injuries, every person's recovery is individual. You can read more about the long-term effects of a brain haemorrhage in the effects of brain injury section.

Get support from Headway

Most Headway groups and branches can offer support to people who have had a brain haemorrhage, their family and carers.

My story

"The road to recovery is not a linear process"

On Valentine's Day in 2012, Amy Perring met rugby journalist Will Wood, from Gloucestershire, while on holiday in Dublin and their love quickly blossomed. Little did the couple know their relationship would soon be put to the test just one year later when Will suffered a near-fatal brain injury that changed the course of their future in an instant.

Read story